When should I get an eye exam?
Children should have their first comprehensive eye examination before the age of 4 unless a specific condition, or history of family childhood vision problems, warrants an earlier visit.
Individuals age 20 to 40 should have eye exams every five years. If you have vision changes, pain, flashes of light, new floaters, injury or tearing, see an eye care professional immediately.
For people aged 40 to 64, eye exams are recommended every two to four years. Anyone older than 65 should see an eye doctor every one to two years.
People with diabetes are at risk for several eye disorders, including diabetic retinopathy, glaucoma and cataracts, and should have eye examinations every year.
African Americans are at greater risk for glaucoma, and should have eye examinations every three to five years before age 40, then every two years.
Common Eye Conditions
What is glaucoma?Glaucoma is a leading cause of blindness worldwide. It is the most common cause of blindness in people of African descent in the United States. Almost 3 million people in the US has this condition, and most do not even know it because it often has not symptoms in the early stages. It is recommended that everyone get a comprehensive eye exam every 1-2 years for early detection of this potentially blinding condition.
What is a cataract?A Cataract is clouding of the lens inside of the eyes. It is typically age-related and slowly grows. Symptoms include blurry or cloudy vision, double vision, glare while driving especially at night, even change in glasses prescription can be a sign of cataract development or growth. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, the next step is to have a complete eye exam. Cataracts can be successfully treated with the removal of the cloudy lens and be replaced with a clear lens implant (an intraocular lens). By age 80, nearly half of all Americans have cataracts or have had cataract surgery to improve their vision.
Age-Related Macular DegenerationAge-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a deterioration or breakdown of the eye's macula. This can lead to blindness. A retina exam can detect this condition.
Dry EyesWhy do my eyes water and feels like rocks in them?
Dry Eye occurs when the eye either does not make tears properly or the tears evaporate too quickly. This can lead to blurry vision especially when reading, during computer use, and even with driving. Other symptoms include redness, constant watering, sandy feeling, difficulty focusing, discomfort with contact lens wear. Do you have dry eyes? Take the dry eye Assessment questionaire.
What are Eye allergies?http://www.aao.org/eye-health/diseases/allergies
Floaters and Flasheshttp://www.aao.org/eye-health/diseases/what-are-floaters-flashes
I see spots in my vision? What are floaters?
Quick Links to common eye conditions